Ask Jack Jack Wattley
Livebearers Unlimited Ted Coletti, PhD
The Planted Tank Rhonda Wilson
Catfish Corner Lee Finley
The Skeptical Fishkeeper Laura Muha
Top of the Food Chain Brian Scott
The Salt Creep Jeff Kurtz
The Reefer James W. Fatherree, MSc
Lee Finley, Bob Fenner, Ad Konings, Jeff Kurtz,
Wayne Leibel, PhD, Laura Muha, Brian M. Scott,
Richard Stratton, Rob Toonen, PhD, Jack Wattley,
Ted Dengler Coletti, PhD, Rhonda Wilson
Editorial & Design
editor-in-chief David E. Boruchowitz
managing editor Albert Connelly, Jr.
associate editor Bill Kolbenschlag
editorial assistant Nicholas Violand
art director Alexander Appello
ction assistant Kelly Moore
nsulting senior editors Warren E. Burgess, PhD
Stanley H. Weitzman, PhD
ors James Fatherree, MSc,
executive editor Glen S. Axelrod
publisher Nancy S. Rivadeneira
ate publisher Albert Connelly, Jr.
From the Editor
Letters to the Editor
Marine Invert of the Month
Fish of the Month
On the Cover
The Meeting Place
Advertiser Web Directory
Index to Advertisers
Tropical Fish Hobbyist® (ISSN 0041-3259) is published monthly for $28.00 per year by
T.F.H. Publications, Inc., 1 TFH Plaza, Neptune City, New Jersey 07753. Periodicals post-
age paid at Neptune, New Jersey, and additional mailing offices.-POSTMASTER: Send
address changes to: Tropical Fish Hobbyist, 1 TFH Plaza, Neptune City, New Jersey
07753; Phone: (800) 631-2188; http://www.tfhmagazine.com; e-mail: email@example.com.
Copyright ©2008 by T. F. H. Publications, Inc.
Rates: $4.95 per copy in the U.S.; $6.95 per copy in Canada; $28.00 for 12 issue
subscription in the U. S.; add $11.00 per year for Canadian and Mexican subscriptions,
and $20.00 per year for all other foreign subscriptions. All foreign subscriptions must be
payable in U.S. funds. Index available in every 12th issue. In England and the western
Sterling area Tropical Fish Hobbyist® Magazine and T. F. H. books distributed exclusively
through T. F. H. Publications (Great Britain) Ltd., P. O. Box 74, Havant PO9 5 TT; in Australia
and the South Pacific by T.F.H. Australia, Box 149, Brookvale 2100 N.S. W., Australia; in
Ne w Zealand by Brooklands Aquarium Ltd., 5 McGiven Drive, New Plymouth, RD1 Ne w
Zealand; in South Africa by Rolf C. Hagen S.A. (PTY.) Ltd., P.O. Box 201199, Durban
North 4016, South Africa.
Advertisements submitted to Tropical Fish Hobbyist for the sale of products, equipment,
services, and live animals are accepted in good faith. T. F. H. Publications, Inc. cannot be
responsible for advertisers’ distribution, claims, slogans, or products. Readers are
advised to do any necessary research and preparation before purchasing items.
T.F.H. Publications, Inc.One TFH Plaza, Third and Union Ave.Neptune City, NJ 07753
firstname.lastname@example.org For Advertising Sales, call (732) 897-6822. Stores: call (732) 897-6824 to
carry Tropical Fish Hobbyist.
Tropical Fish Hobbyist® is a registered trademark of T. F. H. Publications, Inc.
All articles and photographs are completely covered by T. F.H. Publications copyright.
No reproduction in any medium (including electronic) is allowed without express written
permission of the publisher. www.tfhmagazine.com
T.F.H. Publications, Inc.
president /chief executive officer Glen S. Axelrod
executive vice president Mark E. Johnson
circulation specialist Jennifer Nist
circulation coordinator Michelle K. McLaughlin
advertising sales director Nancy S. Rivadeneira
advertising sales manager Blake Tedeschi