Fig. 4: Igarapé Au-au.
females, who are larger than the males, that have a territory. The
males remain at the territory limits or make some swift passages
through, but the female rarely allows a male in. This behavior
increases with breeding. When the offspring swim freely, all other
fishes are expelled from the territory. Because of this aggression,
the males really have no role in raising the fry, in contrast to
males of other Apistogramma species. A. wapisana females take sole
charge of parental care.
So, A. wapisana is not really a new Apistogramma, but it is still
relatively unknown in the hobby because of its lack of color, in
spite of a very interesting comportment that is somewhat different
from what we habitually see with other Apistogramma species.
Fig. 5: Apistogramma rupununi FOWLER 1914, another species found with
The fry become free swimming seven days after the eggs are laid
at a temperature of 24° to 25°C ( 75° to 77°F). They are small but
able to eat newly hatched Artemia nauplii.
A Different Apisto
The behavior of this species in the aquarium is really interesting
and different from all other Apistogramma species. It is the
Conrad, A. 1998. “Apistogramma: le Complexe Pertensis.” Rev. Fr.
Cichlid ( 7): 24–30.
Kullander, S. O. 1980. “A taxonomical study of the genus
Apistogramma REGAN, with a revision of Brasilian and Peruvian
species (Teleostei: Cichlidae).” Bonner Zool. Monograph ( 14).
Römer, U. 1998. Cichliden Atlas, Band 1. Mergus Verlag. Melle,
Römer, U., I. Hahn, and A. Conrad. 2006. “Apistogramma wapisana
sp.– Description of a Dwarf Cichlid from Northern Brazil.” In:
Römer, U. 2006. Cichliden Atlas, Band 2. Mergus Verlag. Melle,
Germany. pp. 748–763.
Stawikowski, R. (Redaction)
Zwergcichliden.” DATZ Sonderheft ( 12):152–156.
Zenner, L. 1997. “Ein Zwerg unter Zwergen: Apistogramma sp.
‘minima.’” AKZ News 4( 2): 8–10. D