The green chromide cichlid (Etroplus
suratensis) is the type species of the genus,
and it is found in brackish and freshwater
habitats in India and Sri Lanka. Populations
in river estuaries are widespread along the
coasts, while freshwater populations are not
as common, suggesting that the colonies in
freshwater, especially lakes, are probably
E. suratensis is not a popular fish in the
aquarium hobby but is an important food fish
in India, which would explain widespread
introductions. There are also invasive
populations in Indonesia and Malaysia.
Referred to as the banded chromide or
Canara chromide, E. canarensis is restricted
to freshwater habitats in the Kumaradhara-Netravati river system in what used to be
called the South Canara district of southwest
India. The restricted range, pollution, and
overcollection leave this interesting species
at risk in the wild, but that pressure is now
being relieved by commercial production in
Banded chromide (E. canarensis).
The green chromide (Etroplus suratensis).