Ask Jack Jack Wattley
Cichlidophiles Wayne Leibel, PhD
Livebearers Unlimited Ted Coletti, PhD
The Planted Tank Rhonda Wilson
Catfish Corner Lee Finley
The Skeptical Fishkeeper Laura Muha
Top of the Food Chain Brian Scott
The Salt Creep Jeff Kurtz
The Reefer James W. Fatherree, MSc
executive editor Glen S. Axelrod
publisher Nancy S. Rivadeneira
associate publisher Albert Connelly, Jr.
Editorial & Design
editor-in-chief David E. Boruchowitz
managing editor Albert Connelly, Jr.
associate editor Bill Kolbenschlag
editorial assistant Nicholas Violand
art director Alexander Appello
production assistant Kelly Moore
consulting senior editors Warren E. Burgess, PhD
Stanley H. Weitzman, PhD
contributing editors James Fatherree, MSc,
Lee Finley, Bob Fenner, Ad Konings, Jeff Kurtz,
Wayne Leibel, PhD, Laura Muha, Brian M. Scott,
Richard Stratton, Rob Toonen, PhD, Jack Wattley,
Ted Dengler Coletti, PhD, Rhonda Wilson
advertising sales director Nancy S. Rivadeneira
advertising sales manager Blake Tedeschi
advertising production manager Krystal Camacho
circulation specialist Jennifer Nist
circulation coordinator Michelle K. McLaughlin
T.F.H. Publications, Inc.
president /chief executive officer Glen S. Axelrod
executive vice president Mark E. Johnson
Tropical Fish Hobbyist® (ISSN 0041-3259) is published monthly for $28.00 per year by
T. F.H. Publications, Inc., 1 TFH Plaza, Neptune City, New Jersey 07753. Periodicals postage paid at Neptune, New Jersey, and additional mailing offices.-POS TMASTER: Send
From the Editor address changes to: Tropical Fish Hobbyist, 1 TFH Plaza, Neptune City, New Jersey
07753; Phone: (800) 631-2188; http://www.tfhmagazine.com; e-mail: email@example.com.
Contributors Copyright ©2008 by T. F. H. Publications, Inc.
Letters to the Editor subscription in the U. S.; add $11.00 per year for Canadian and Mexican subscriptions,
Rates: $4.95 per copy in the U.S.; $6.95 per copy in Canada; $28.00 for 12 issue
Freshwater Q&A and $20.00 per year for all other foreign subscriptions. All foreign subscriptions must be
payable in U.S. funds. Index available in every 12th issue. In England and the western
Saltwater Q&A Sterling area Tropical Fish Hobbyist® Magazine and T. F. H. books distributed exclusively
through T.F.H. Publications (Great Britain) Ltd., P.O. Box 74, Havant PO9 5TT; in Australia
Marine Invert of the Month and the South Pacific by T.F.H. Australia, Box 149, Brookvale 2100 N.S. W., Australia; in
New Zealand by Brooklands Aquarium Ltd., 5 McGiven Drive, Ne w Plymouth, RD1 New
Fish of the Month Zealand; in South Africa by Rolf C. Hagen S.A. (PTY.) Ltd., P.O. Box 201199, Durban
North 4016, South Africa.
On the Cover Advertisements submitted to Tropical Fish Hobbyist for the sale of products, equipment,
services, and live animals are accepted in good faith. T. F. H. Publications, Inc. cannot be
Product Spotlight responsible for advertisers’ distribution, claims, slogans, or products. Readers are
advised to do any necessary research and preparation before purchasing items.
The Meeting Place T.F.H. Publications, Inc.One TFH Plaza, Third and Union Ave.Neptune City, NJ 07753
Classified Ads carry Tropical Fish Hobbyist.
firstname.lastname@example.org For Advertising Sales, call (732) 897-6822. Stores: call (732) 897-6824 to
Advertiser Web Directory Tropical Fish Hobbyist® is a registered trademark of T. F. H. Publications, Inc.
All articles and photographs are completely covered by T.F.H. Publications copyright.
Index to Advertisers No reproduction in any medium (including electronic) is allo wed without express written
permission of the publisher. www.tfhmagazine.com