The diminutive yellow convict Cryptoheros nanoluteus would be assigned a new subgenus,
Bussingius, according to Schmitter-Soto’s proposed revision of the convict complex.
(formerly Neetroplus) panamensis into one Etymology: named after Costa Rican
of them. ichthyologist William Bussing.
Subgenus: Panamius SCHMITTER-SOTO 2007 Species ( 5):
Species ( 1) 1. altoflavus ALLGAYER 2001.
Type: Cryptoheros panamensis (MEEK & 2. myrnae (LOISELLE 1997). Note: C.
HILDEBRAND 1913). myrnae replaced by C. septemfasciatus north
Neetroplus panamensis MEEK & of Rio Estrella. Costa Rica.
HILDEBRAND 1913. Note: The resemblance 3. nanoluteus (ALLGAYER 1994).
of C. panamensis to Neetroplus is judged 4. sajica (BUSSING 1974). Note: “may be
to be a convergence (homoplasy). C. basal in Bussingius.” Only species in this
panamensis has a low anal fin spine subgenus found on the Pacific slope; all the
count, which is atypical. rest are Atlantic slope species.
Etymology: Named for its country of 5. septemfasciatus (REGAN1908).
origin, Panama. New Genus: Amatitlania SCHMITTER-SOTO 2007
Subgenus: Cryptoheros ALLGAYER 2001 Type: Heros nigrofasciatus GÜNTHER 1867.
Note: no strict synapomorphies discovered (Distribution: from Panama Atlantic to
linking all. Guatemala Atlantic and Pacific).
Species ( 3): Diagnosis: Three strict synapomorphies:
1. spilurus (GÜNTHER 1862). first bar on side of body, Y-shaped, well-Note: Endemic to rivers flowing into Lake marked, caudal arm discontinuous; bars
Izabal. Notpresentin Mexico! from sides of body extending fully to
2. chetumalensis SCHMITTER-SOTO 2007 the edge of dorsal and anal fins; medial
(new species). Etymology: Type locality is intensifications on second and third bars,
c. 10 km upstream from the river mouth sometimes also on first.
(Arroyo Aguadulce, tributary of Rio Hondo Etymology: Genus name derived from
at Sabidos) near city Chetumal, Quintana type locality of the type species, Lake
Roo Mexico). Amatitlán, Guatemala, one of a series
3. cutteri (FOWLER 1932). caught by O. Salvin. Amatitlán means a
Note: Here resurrected from synonymy with place abundant in amate (the Spanish
spilurus (MILLER 1966), found in Atlantic word amate comes from the Nahuatl amatl,
Honduras north to Guatemala. being a kind of rustic paper made from the
Diagnostic: bars on sides of body with bark of Ficus trees.)
alternating intensity, second much Species ( 4):
lighter than first and third. 1. nigrofasciata (GÜNTHER 1867). Note:
Subgenus: Bussingius SCHMITTER-SOTO 2007 found in El Salvador, Guatemala, and
Type: Cichlasoma septemfasciatum REGAN 1908. Honduras; it does not get down to Panama,
Costa Rica, or Nicaragua on either slope.
Those found here are two of the three
Amatitlania species newly described in
2. coatepeque n. sp. Note: known only
from its type locality, the north shore of
island in Lake Coatepeque, El Salvador.
Etymology: Coatepeque is the name of lake
where it occurs. Diagnosis: A. coatepeque
has much more intense bars on side of
body than other Amatitlania species.
3. kanna n. sp. Note: found in Atlantic
Panama (Rios Canaveral, Cricamola,
Sixaola, and others). Etymology: kanna,
meaning “a reed,” Rio Canaveral having
reedbeds, the first locality where the species
was detected. First recognized as distinct
by Allgayer (2001), who called them
Cryptoheros cf. nigrofasciatus. Diagnosis:
Deepest bodied Amatitlania species.
4. siquia n. sp. Note: distributed on
both coasts of Costa Rica to Nicaragua
including the Great Lakes, also north
to Atlantic Honduras. Etymology: Siquia
(means “avocado”) is the name of the
river chosen as type locality. Diagnosis:
Caudal blotch about 2/3 on peduncle and
1/3 on fin, versus completely on fin. Deep
bodied, but less so than kanna.
New Genus: Rocio SCHMITTER-SOTO 2007
Note: The taxonomic status of the
Jack Dempsey has been one of relative
confusion, including suggestions of a
close relationship with the convict cichlids
broadly defined (Regan, 1908).
Type: Heros octofasciatus REGAN 1903.
Diagnosis: Body oval in young, almost
Archocentrus-like, more elongate in adults,
Etymology: Rocio is Schmitter-Soto’s wife’s
name, in Spanish meaning “morning dew,”
an image evoked by “the resplendent spots
on cheek and sides of some species.”
Species ( 3):
1. octofasciata (REGAN 1903).
Note: distributed from Rio Ulua, Honduras,
to tributaries of Rio Actopan, Veracruz,
Mexico. The description of Cichlosoma
biocellatum REGAN 1909 was based on an
aquarium specimen and is a synonym,
type locality “Rio Negro at Manaos, Brazil”
2. ocotal n. sp. Note: Endemic to Laguna
Ocotal, an isolated highland water body
in the Lacantun-Usumacinta drainage,
Chiapas, Mexico. Etymology: From the
Spanish ocotal meaning “an ocote forest,”
ocote being a species of Pinus, and the
name of the lake where the species lives.